Elbow Conditions

Bicep Tendon Tear at Elbow

The biceps muscle, located in the front of the upper arm allows you to bend the elbow and rotate the arm. Biceps tendons attach the biceps muscle to the bones in the shoulder and in the elbow.

Biceps Tendon Injuries

The biceps tendon is a long cord-like structure, which is located in the front of the shoulder. The long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) originates from the top of the shoulder socket (the glenoid) and exits the joint through a bony canal (the biceps groove).

Bicep Tendon Rupture

The biceps muscle is present on the front side of your upper arm and functions to help you bend and rotate your arm. The biceps tendon is a tough band of connective fibrous tissue that attaches your biceps muscle to the bones in your shoulder on one side and the elbow on the other side.

Erb's Palsy (Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy)

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Elbow Dislocation

The elbow is a hinge joint made up of 3 bones – humerus, radius and ulna. The bones are held together by ligaments to provide stability to the joint. Muscles and tendons move the bones around each other and help in performing various activities. Elbow dislocation occurs when the bones that make up the joint are forced out of alignment.

Ulnar Nerve Entrapment (Cubital Tunnel Syndrome)

The ulnar nerve travels down the back of the elbow behind the bony bump called the medial epicondyle, and through a passageway called the cubital tunnel. The cubital tunnel is a narrow passageway on the inside of the elbow formed by bone, muscle, and ligaments with the ulnar nerve passing through its center.

Elbow (Olecranon) Bursitis

The elbow contains a large, curved, pointy bone at the back called the olecranon, which is covered by the olecranon bursa, a small fluid-filled sac that allows smooth movement between the bone and overlying skin. Inflammation of this bursa leads to a condition called olecranon bursitis.

Osteochondritis Dissecans

Osteochondritis dissecans is a joint condition in which a piece of cartilage, along with a thin layer of the bone separates from the end of the bone because of inadequate blood supply. The separated fragments are sometimes called “joint mice”. These fragments may be localized or may detach and fall into the joint space causing pain and joint instability.

Elbow Sprain

Elbow sprain is an injury to the soft tissues of the elbow. It is caused due to stretching or tearing (partial or full) of the ligaments which support the elbow joint. Ligaments are a group of fibrous tissues that connect one bone to another in the body.

Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is the common name used for the elbow condition called lateral epicondylitis. It is an overuse injury that causes inflammation of the tendons that attach to the bony prominence on the outside of the elbow (lateral epicondyle).

Golfer’s Elbow

Golfer’s elbow, also called medial epicondylitis, is a painful condition occurring from repeated muscle contractions in the forearm that leads to inflammation and microtears in the tendons that attach to the medial epicondyle. The medial epicondyle is the bony prominence that is felt on the inside of the elbow.

Elbow Injuries

Fracture is a common injury to the elbow. Elbow fractures may result from a fall onto an outstretched wrist, a direct impact to the elbow or a twisting injury. Elbow fractures may cause severe pain, swelling, tenderness and painful movements.

Tendon Injuries around the Elbow

Multiple tendons cross the elbow, extending from the upper arm and inserting on the forearm. These muscles function to bend and straighten the elbow, and control the wrist and fingers. In addition, these muscles provide stability and compression across the elbow joint itself.

Nerve Injuries around the Elbow

There are three major nerves of the arm that cross the elbow joint on their way to the hand and fingers. These nerves are the ulnar, median and radial nerve. As these nerves run past the elbow, they may be at risk for injury from compression, blunt injury, or associated fractures.

Ligament Injuries around the Elbow

Three ligaments surround the elbow joint and act to provide stability to the joint. These include the medial (MCL or UCL) and lateral collateral (LUCL) ligaments, which originate on the inside and outside of the humerus before attaching to the ulna, and the annular ligament that connects the radius to the ulna.

Elbow Problems

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Little League Elbow

Little league elbow also called as medial apophysitis, is an overuse condition that occurs when there is overstress or injury to the inside portion of the elbow. It is commonly seen in children involved in sports activities that require repetitive throwing such as baseball.

Elbow Pain

The elbow is a hinge joint made up of 3 bones – humerus, radius and ulna. The bones are held together by ligaments to provide stability to the joint. Muscles and tendons move the bones around each other and help in performing various activities.

Scapular Winging -Pediatrics

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Pediatric Elbow OCD’s -Pediatrics

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Proximal humerus fractures -Pediatrics

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Radial Head Fractures -Pediatrics

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Elbow Terrible Triad Injuries-Pediatrics

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Calcium Deposits

Calcium deposits are a relatively uncommon finding around the shoulder. However, when present, they can cause fairly severe pain with shoulder activity. When calcium deposits form in the tendons of the shoulder joint, it is called calcific tendonitis.

Elbow Contracture

Elbow contracture refers to a stiff elbow with limited range of motion. It is a common complication following elbow surgery, fractures, dislocations, and burns.

The normal functional range of motion for an elbow is 30-145 degrees. A stiff or contracted elbow may be diagnosed when the ability to extend or flex the arm is lessened by 30 degrees or more.


The elbow is a region between the upper arm and the fore arm. The elbow joint is made up of 3 bones. The distal (lower) end of the humerus bone in the upper arm joins with the radius and ulna bones in the fore arm to form the elbow joint. The elbow joint is very important for the movement of your arms and for coordination of daily activities.

Distal Biceps Tear

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Distal Triceps Tear

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Loose Bodies and Mechanical Symptoms

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Olecranon Fracture

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Radial Head and Neck Fractures

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Elbow Dislocations with Fracture

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